Author Topic: James Webb telescope reveals Milky Way-like galaxies in young universe  (Read 413 times)

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Offline Kamaji

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James Webb telescope reveals Milky Way-like galaxies in young universe

Date: January 5, 2023
Source: University of Texas at Austin
Summary: New images from NASA's James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) reveal galaxies with stellar bars -- elongated features of stars stretching from the centers of galaxies into their outer disks -- at a time when the universe was a mere 25% of its present age. The finding of so-called barred galaxies, similar to our Milky Way, this early in the universe will require astrophysicists to refine their theories of galaxy evolution.

New images from NASA's James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) reveal for the first time galaxies with stellar bars -- elongated features of stars stretching from the centers of galaxies into their outer disks -- at a time when the universe was a mere 25% of its present age. The finding of so-called barred galaxies, similar to our Milky Way, this early in the universe will require astrophysicists to refine their theories of galaxy evolution.

Prior to JWST, images from the Hubble Space Telescope had never detected bars at such young epochs. In a Hubble image, one galaxy, EGS-23205, is little more than a disk-shaped smudge, but in the corresponding JWST image taken this past summer, it's a beautiful spiral galaxy with a clear stellar bar.

"I took one look at these data, and I said, 'We are dropping everything else!'" said Shardha Jogee, professor of astronomy at The University of Texas at Austin. "The bars hardly visible in Hubble data just popped out in the JWST image, showing the tremendous power of JWST to see the underlying structure in galaxies," she said, describing data from the Cosmic Evolution Early Release Science Survey (CEERS), led by UT Austin professor, Steven Finkelstein.

The team identified another barred galaxy, EGS-24268, also from about 11 billion years ago, which makes two barred galaxies existing farther back in time than any previously discovered.

In an article accepted for publication in The Astrophysical Journal Letters, they highlight these two galaxies and show examples of four other barred galaxies from more than 8 billion years ago.

"For this study, we are looking at a new regime where no one had used this kind of data or done this kind of quantitative analysis before," said Yuchen "Kay" Guo, a graduate student who led the analysis, "so everything is new. It's like going into a forest that nobody has ever gone into."

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Source:  https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2023/01/230105150228.htm

Offline DB

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Re: James Webb telescope reveals Milky Way-like galaxies in young universe
« Reply #1 on: January 06, 2023, 06:30:52 pm »
You would expect an article like this to have pictures of these galaxies...

Offline Kamaji

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Re: James Webb telescope reveals Milky Way-like galaxies in young universe
« Reply #2 on: January 06, 2023, 06:43:03 pm »
You would expect an article like this to have pictures of these galaxies...

@DB

There are images in the underlying article:  https://news.utexas.edu/2023/01/05/james-webb-telescope-reveals-milky-way-like-galaxies-in-young-universe/

sciencedaily.com acts more as an aggregator, and most of their articles are image-free.

Offline DB

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Re: James Webb telescope reveals Milky Way-like galaxies in young universe
« Reply #3 on: January 06, 2023, 06:45:22 pm »
@DB

There are images in the underlying article:  https://news.utexas.edu/2023/01/05/james-webb-telescope-reveals-milky-way-like-galaxies-in-young-universe/

sciencedaily.com acts more as an aggregator, and most of their articles are image-free.

Thank you!

Offline Kamaji

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