There's a huge difference between the black welfare classes and the black middle classes. Both groups vote overwhelmingly for dims, but IMO they do so for different reasons. The welfare classes vote because they are enticed to do so by promises of more "goodies" from the gov't. You can promise them anything, and they will believe it. The tactics used to get them to the polls can include things like giving them rides, rewards for voting, or just attention from their "leaders". There's no way the GOP is ever going to get those votes.
The black middle classes are different. Many of them are the ones who were led to the dim party by the civil rights movement. Or the children of ones who were. (A lot of that goes back to the disagreement MLK had with Barry Goldwater, but I digress). Many of those people do know that the dim programs hurt their race more than they help, but they need more persuasion and evidence of that. And they need to see that they are helping other blacks more than they are hurting them by changing allegiances.
Conservatives have to learn to treat the two groups separately. Middle class blacks do not respond well when they are treated the same as the welfare classes. There are some middle and upper middle class black communities, but most of the time when people talk about black communities, they have an image of inner city welfare neighborhoods in mind.
It's not about color; it's about class. Some of the evil rich are also black. We need to stop letting the dims focus on race so much if we want to get black voters to pull the levers for GOPers.
And, yes, I know - the GOP are the people against blacks, women, gays, the poor, and now native Americans…..