The 1970s were the timeframe running up to Reagan's wins. I was in college and grad school in the early-mid 70s, studying things like management. Management by Objectives were one set of buzz words. Zero based budgeting were another.
We were advised to start by determining the organization's main, broad objectives. Top down, bottom up, by open communication. It was an iterative process. Once the objectives were agreed, the shorter term goals were established, and plans for necessary resources were written down.
Always interative in nature, and up-down, down-up. Something along these lines should be taking place in the GOP House and |Senate memberships.
If it is happening, we don't see it.