Author Topic: Mysterious High Energy Gamma Rays Might Help Explain What Drives Solar Cycles  (Read 242 times)

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arxiv.org

arxiv.org/pdf/1901.10574

Mysterious High Energy Gamma Rays Might Help Explain What Drives Solar Cycles

by Gregory S Glenn January, 2019

  ABSTRACT 

This paper is in response to a technical paper, entitled “Evidence for a New Component of High-Energy Solar Gamma-Ray Production” (Linden, et al., 2018). An article in Scientific American entitled “The Sun Is Spitting Out Strange Patterns of Gamma Rays—and No One Knows Why” is a discussion of Linden’s paper. It may be summarized as follows: The Sun has been observed to be emitting gamma ray bursts. The weaker gamma rays tend to be less than 50 GeV, emitted during the most active energetic period of the solar cycle and towards the poles. The gamma-ray emission is most intense during Solar Minimum, reaching >100 GeV and those emissions are near the equator: “Most strikingly, although 6 gamma rays above 100 GeV are observed during the 1.4 years of solar minimum, none are observed during the next 7.8 years (Linden, et al., 2018).” Pease and Glenn, in the conclusion of a recent paper, suggested that solar cycles are regulated by planetary orbital positions, influencing the Sun through transfer of gravitational or electromagnetic forces, or both (Pease & Glenn, 2016). This paper will describe a working hypothesis that points strongly to electromagnetic connections between Jupiter, Satum, and the Sun during Solar Minimum which contribute to the high gamma-ray energy observed being emitted by the Sun. The hypothesis further suggests that the electromagnetic connections between the Sun and Jupiter, Saturn, and other planets with magnetospheres, namely Neptune, Earth, and Uranus, are responsible over billions of years for modulating a dual electromagnetic field resonance internal to the Sun. These major periodic cycles are known as the ll- year Schwabe and 22-year Hale solar cycles.

1. INTRODUCTION

It is not established why the 1 1-year Schwabe or 22-year Hale Cycles occur when they do. The predominant theory is that solar cycles are modulated by the Sun’s magnetic fields, which are themselves generated by what is called a dynamo effect caused by the sun‘s rotation. The dynamo effect is due to the Sun, being made of plasma, having a differential spin and not rotating as a solid. It rotates faster at the equator than at the poles and thus the magnetic plasma gets dragged around at different rates. Existing theories do not fully explain Why there is a fairly constant internal cycle of approximately 22 years, not based on outside influences. There are, however, alternative hypotheses about the timing of solar cycles. For example, some in the astrophysics community believe that the movement of sunspots from the Sun’s equator to the poles and back is influenced by the orbits of the planets, primarily the massive gas planets Jupiter and Satum, with some additional influence from the less massive planets.

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